Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Ed.D. in Educational Leadership Research Guide: APA Style

A guide to support students in the Ed.D. in Educational Leadership program.


APA is the preferred citation style for education and the Ed.D. program at HPU. Learning APA style early in the program is essential to your success. While copies of the APA manual (7th ed.) are available at all library locations, it would be wise to invest also in a personal copy.

It may also be beneficial to learn how to use research tools like EndNote for citation automation and Turnitin to monitor your originality as you write your dissertation.

APA Style Citation Guides and Further Resources:

Click here to view the full APA Style Citation Guide from HPU Libraries.

*Please note that when it comes to overall formatting of your Ed.D. dissertation, the Norcross Graduate School's style guide overrides recommendations given by APA.

Citation Tools:

Citation managers can help you keep track of the articles, books, and other resources that you find, as well as help you cite them in the appropriate style in the text of your paper and in your references or works cited list. EndNote is the citation manager currently supported by HPU Libraries. We also offer help with Turnitin.

Academic Integrity

Citation may seem like a bunch of rules designed to make writing your paper even more difficult. However, the purpose of citation is primarily to show how your work fits into the larger conversation taking place on your particular topic and to help facilitate the exchange of ideas between scholars (that means you, too!). Citation also ensures that the original authors or originators of an idea receive proper credit for their work.

What does this mean for you? 

According to the High Point University Honor Code"Every student is honor-bound to refrain from plagiarism."

But what does it mean to plagiarize something? 

Plagiarism involves quoting or paraphrasing without proper acknowledgment. You plagiarize if you submit, without appropriate documentation or quotation marks:

  • part or all of written or spoken statements derived from sources, such as books, the Internet, magazines, pamphlets, speeches, or oral statements;
  • part or all of written or spoken statements derived from files maintained by individuals, groups or campus organizations;
  • the sequence of ideas, arrangement of material, or pattern of thought of someone else, even though you express such processes in your own words.

(High Point University Student Government Association, The University Honor)

Summary: You plagiarize when you take credit for someone else's work, either on purpose or by accident. 

You can also plagiarize yourself. Called "self-plagiarism," this occurs if you reuse work from one course in another course without your instructors' permission. This is considered academic dishonesty. 

Formatting Tables, Figures & Posters