“Title of Episode.” Title of TV Show or Cable Series, principal creator(s), contributor(s), season #, episode #,
Name of Studio or Primary Production Company, Production year.
“The Crocodile’s Dilemma.” Fargo: The Complete First Season, created by Noah Hawley, performance by Billy Bob Thornton,
season 1, episode 1, MGM Television Entertainment, 2014.
In Text: ("Crocodile's Dilemma" 00:12:06 - 00:15:10)
Note: For the in-text citation of “time-based” media, such as sound recordings or movies, cite the time (or range of times),
providing the hours:minutes:seconds of the material you are citing.
Lastname, Firstname MI. of Artist. “Title of Track/Song.” Title of Album/Work, Details of the production,
Production Company or Publisher, Date.
Adam, Adolphe. “Introduction.” Giselle, Conducted by Richard Bonynge: Orchestra of the Royal Opera House,
Covent Garden, Decca Record Company, 1996.
In text: (Adam 00:45 – 02:24)
If your paper is discussing the contribution(s) of a particular person(s), then favor your citation to suit the contributor(s). In this case, 'contributors' are treated as the 'author.' Contributors might include: directors, editors, actors, screen writers, etc. For the in-text citation of “time-based” media, such as movies, cite the time (or range of times), providing the hours:minutes:seconds of the material you are citing.
Lastname, Firstname, contribution. Title of Movie. Name of Studio or Primary Production Company,
Year of original release.
Scott, Ridley, director. Bladerunner. Warner Home Video, 2007.
In text: (Scott 00:06:27-00:08:32))
Example – e-mail:
Smith, Arthur. “Re: Lens Calibration for Prime Lenses.” E-mail, received by John T. Kemp, 10 Oct. 2015.
In Text: (Smith)
Note: When you cite an e-mail message, use the subject line as the title of the work. Add other information as appropriate.
Example – Personal letter:
Doe, Alex. “Letter to Arthur Smith: Request for Information on Lens Coatings on Prime Lenses.” 5 Sept. 2014.
In Text: (Doe)
Example – Telephone Conversation:
Bennett, William G. “Telephone Conversation with William G. Bennett: Conducted by Jay Smith.” 27 Oct. 2011.
In Text: (Bennett)
LecturerLastname, Firstname, MI. "Title of Lecture." Date of Lecture, Further Identifying Information.
Allwood, Margaret. “Relativity.” 24 Jan. 2016, Notes from ENG 1234 class, High Point University, High Point, NC.
In Text: (Allwood)