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MLA Citation Guide: Other Sources

Episode of TV / Cable Show

“Title of Episode.” Title of TV Show or Cable Series, principal creator(s), contributor(s), season #, episode #, 

     Name of Studio or Primary Production Company, Production year.

Example:

“The Crocodile’s Dilemma.” Fargo: The Complete First Season, created by Noah Hawley, performance by Billy Bob Thornton,

     season 1, episode 1, MGM Television Entertainment, 2014.

In Text:  ("Crocodile's Dilemma" 00:12:06 - 00:15:10)

Note: For the in-text citation of “time-based” media, such as sound recordings or movies, cite the time (or range of times),

     providing the    hours:minutes:seconds   of the material you are citing.

Sound Recordings

Lastname, Firstname MI. of Artist. “Title of Track/Song.” Title of Album/Work, Details of the production,

        Production Company or Publisher, Date.

Example:

Adam, Adolphe. “Introduction.” Giselle, Conducted by Richard Bonynge: Orchestra of the Royal Opera House,

        Covent Garden, Decca Record Company, 1996.

In text: (Adam 00:45 – 02:24)

Movies or Video Recordings

If your paper is discussing the contribution(s) of a particular person(s), then favor your citation to suit the contributor(s).  In this case, 'contributors' are treated as the 'author.' Contributors might include: directors, editors, actors, screen writers, etc. For the in-text citation of “time-based” media, such as movies, cite the time (or range of times), providing the    hours:minutes:seconds   of the material you are citing.

Lastname, Firstname, contribution. Title of Movie. Name of Studio or Primary Production Company,

     Year of original release.

Example:

Scott, Ridley, director. Bladerunner. Warner Home Video, 2007.

In text: (Scott 00:06:27-00:08:32))

Personal Communications -- eMails -- Letters -- Telephone Conversations

Example – e-mail:

Smith, Arthur.  “Re: Lens Calibration for Prime Lenses.” E-mail, received by John T. Kemp, 10 Oct. 2015.

In Text: (Smith)

Note:  When you cite an e-mail message, use the subject line as the title of the work.  Add other information as appropriate.

 

Example – Personal letter:

Doe, Alex. “Letter to Arthur Smith: Request for Information on Lens Coatings on Prime Lenses.”  5 Sept. 2014.

In Text: (Doe)

 

Example – Telephone Conversation:

Bennett, William G.  “Telephone Conversation with William G. Bennett: Conducted by Jay Smith.” 27 Oct. 2011.

In Text: (Bennett)

Lecture Notes

LecturerLastname, Firstname, MI.  "Title of Lecture." Date of Lecture, Further Identifying Information.

Example:

Allwood, Margaret. “Relativity.”  24 Jan. 2016, Notes from ENG 1234 class, High Point University, High Point, NC.

In Text: (Allwood)

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