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MLA Citation Guide: Books + eBooks

By a Single Author

Lastname, Firstname, MI. Title of the Book. Publisher, Publication date.

Example: 

Hughes, Kathy. George Eliot: The Last Victorian. Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1999. 

In text: (Hughes 160)

By Two Authors

Lastname, Firstname MI, and Firstname MI Lastname. Title of the Book. Publisher, Publication date.

Example:

Broer, Lawrence R., and Gloria Holland. Hemingway and Women: Female Critics and the

     Female Voice.  U of Alabama P, 2002.

In text: (Broer and Holland 24)

By Three or More Authors

For three or more authors, use only the name of the first author listed, follow with a comma, and add et al  (Latin for “and all”),

     Lastname, Firstname MI.,et al. Title of Book, Publisher, Publication date.

Example:

Hanson, et al. Breaking Through Concrete: Building an Urban Farm Revival.

     U of California Press, 2011. 

In text: (Hanson et al. 88) 

By a Corporate Author

Note:  Authors do not have to be individuals!  A work by a "corporate" author might be created by a group, government agency, an institution, commission, an association, a committee or other type of organization.  Do not include any initial article (A, An, or The).

Name of Corporation/Organization/Agency. “Title of Document.” Title of Publishing Agency.

     Publication date. URL.  Accessed day month year. 

Example:

United States Geological Survey. “USGS FAQs: What is Hydraulic Fracturing?” USA.gov.

     15 June 2016.  www2.usgs.gov/faq/categories/10132/3814.  Accessed 11 July 2016.

In Text: (USGS)

Note: The names of groups that serve as corporate authors are usually spelled out each time they appear in an in-text citation. However, some are spelled out in the first citation and abbreviated thereafter. If the name is long and cumbersome and if the abbreviation is familiar or readily understandable, you may abbreviate (See USGS above). 

If the name is short or if the abbreviation would not be easily identified in the reference list, write out the name each time.

Sometimes a corporate author is both the author AND the publisher. In that case, start with the “title” of the work, skip the author details, and list the organization as publisher.

Example:

“Sustainability: Good Food.” McDonalds Corporation, 2016. 

     www.aboutmcdonalds.com/content/mcd/sustainability/food.html.  Accessed 11 July 2016.

In text: ("Sustainability")

Book with no Author or Editor

Note:   If a book has no author or editor, begin the entry with the book title.

Book Title. Publisher, Publication date.

Example:

Magic and Witchcraft. Floating Press, 2013.

In text: (Magic and Witchcraft 27)

Two or More Books by the Same Author

Note:   Provide the author's name for the first entry. For each subsequent entry by the same author replace the author's name with three hyphens followed by a period.  Finally, add the titles alphabetically (remember to ignore articles like A, An, and The).

Example (All three titles are by David S. Reynolds):

Reynolds, David S. A Historical Guide to Walt Whitman. Oxford UP, 2000. 

---. Walt Whitman. Oxford UP, 2005.

---. Walt Whitman's America: A Cultural Biography. Knopf, 1995.

Edited Book

Note: Use editor (example 1) or editors (example 2) , as appropriate.  

Lastname, Firstname, MI., editor(s). Title of the Book. Publisher, Publication date.

Example 1:

Conard, Mark T., editor. The Philosophy of the Coen Brothers. UP of Kentucky, 2009.

In text: (Conard 31)

Example 2:

Tannen, Deborah, and Muriel Saville-Troike, editors. Perspectives on Silence. Ablex,1985.

In text: (Tannen and Saville-Troike 56)

Note: For edited books, or major reference works with a large editorial board, or more than two editors, list the Lastname, Firstname MI. of the “lead” editor, followed by et al.

Essay or Chapter in an Edited Book or Anthology

Lastname, Firstname MI. “Title of Chapter.” Title of the Edited Book or Anthology,

     edited by Firstname MI. Lastname,  Publisher, Publication date, page(s).

Example:

More, Hannah. "The Black Slave Trade: A Poem." British Women Poets of the Romantic Era,

     edited by Paula R. Feldman, Johns Hopkins UP, 1997, pp. 472-82.

In text: (More 473-75)

Dictionary Entry -- Encyclopedia Article -- Commentary

Lastname, Firstname, MI. “Title of Entry or Article.” Title of Dictionary/Encyclopedia/Commentary,

     edited by Firstname MI Lastname, # Edition, vol. #, Publisher, Publication date, Page(s).

Example 1:

Keane, John. "Paine, Thomas." Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment, edited by Alan Charles Kors,

     vol. 3, Oxford UP,  2003, pp 224-26.

In text: (Keane 225)

 

Note: If there is no author, begin with the “Title of Entry or Article.”

Example 2:

“Magnetic Resonance.” The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, vol. 7,

     Encyclopaedia Britannica,  2010, pp. 682-84.

In text: (“Magnetic Resonance” 683)

eBook

NOTE:  Begin the entry as if you are citing a print book. After the Publication date, add the Name of eBook Provider and the URL. (omit http://  or  https:// )

Lastname, Firstname, MI. Title of the eBook. Publisher, Publication date. Name of eBook Provider,

     URL.

Example 1:

Neff, Roni. Introduction to the US Food System: Public Health, Environment, and Equity.

    Jossey-Bass, 2015. ProQuest ebrary, site.ebrary.com/lib/highpoint/detail.action?docID=10953258.

In text:   (Neff 37)

Example 2:

Driver, Edmund. Cheshire: Its Cheese-makers, Their Homes, Landlords, and Supporters. Derwent,

     1909.  Hathi Digital Trust, hdl.handle.net/2027/wu.89041975780.

In text:   (Driver 104)

Example 3:

Ekman, Stefan. Here Be Dragons: Exploring Fantasy Maps and Settings. Wesleyan UP, 2013.

     EBSCO Industries,  ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=e000xna&AN

     =460950&site=ehost-live.

In text:   (Ekman 99-101)