Articles differ from books in that they are shorter pieces generally published in a single issue of a long-running serial publication. Published articles generally appear in newspapers, magazines, and scholarly or trade journals. These are available in print and online formats, and as with books, the citation differs only slightly depending on which version you used.
For journal articles, the APA style requires including the Digital Object Identifier or DOI when available, formatted as a URL. If all you have is the number, simply add this to the beginning: https://doi.org/
Author(s). (Year of Publication). Title of article: Subtitle of article. Journal Title in Italics, volume number(issue number), page numbers. https://doi.org/10.xxxxxxxxxx
Example (one author):
Darling-Hammond, L. (2006). Constructing 21st century teacher education. Journal of Teacher Education, 57(3), 300-314. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022487105285962
Cited in text: (Darling-Hammond, 2006)
Example (two authors):
Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J. A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival of terminally ill patients. Journal of American College Health, 56(5), 563-565. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-6126.96.36.199
Cited in text: (Herbst-Damm & Kulik, 2005)
Example (three or more authors--list up to 20):
Forquer, L. M., Camden, A. E., Gabriau, K. M., & Johnson, C. M. (2008). Sleep patterns of college students at a public university. Health Psychology, 24(1), 225-229. https://doi.org/10.3200/JACH.56.5.563-565
Cited in text: (Forquer et. al, 2008)
Note: If there is no DOI listed and the article was retrieved online, include the URL. Do not, however, include URLS to library databases or any subscription not accessible to your reader. In this case, just leave off this part and format it as a print article.
Conference proceedings published in a journal or book follow the format for the medium in which they were published. The following format applies to conference sessions and presentations (not published papers presented at them). Use the date range for the entire conference.
Presenter, A. A., & Presenter, B. B. (Year, Month Day-Day). Title of contribution [Type of contribution]. Conference Name, Location. DOI or URL.
Example (conference session):
Abernathy, M. (2019, October 15-18). Make it stick: Active learning techniques for programming and instruction [Conference session]. 63rd Biennial North Carolina Library Association Conference, Winston-Salem, NC. https://ncla2019.sched.com/event/PuNZ/make-it-stick-active-learning-techniques-for-programming-and-instruction
Cited in text: (Abernathy, 2019)
For newspaper articles, provide the full date given as well as section and page numbers for titles with a print version. For online only, just include the DOI or URL.
Basic format (print):
Authors. (Year, Month Day). Title of article: Subtitle of article. Newspaper Title in Italics, volume number(issue number), page numbers.
Basic format (online):
Authors. (Year, Month Day). Title of article: Subtitle of article. Newspaper Title in Italics. DOI or URL
Supiano, B. (2020, January 9). Can a different approach to testing help students remember what they learn? The Chronicle of Higher Education. https://www.chronicle.com/article/Can-a-Different-Approach-to/247816?cid=wcontentgrid_6_4grid_2
Cited in text: (Supiano, 2020)
For magazine articles, provide the full date given as well as volume, issue and page numbers for titles with a corresponding print version. For online only, just include the DOI or URL.
Authors. (Year, Month Day). Title of article: Subtitle of article. Magazine Title in Italics, volume number(issue number), page numbers. DOI or URL
Example (with doi):
Kean, S. (2019, August 21). She woke up with a French accent. Psychology Today, 52(5), 70-77. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/articles/201908/she-woke-french-accent
Cited in text: (Kean, 2019)
Trade journal articles follow the same format as a magazine article.
Authors. (Year, Month Day). Title of article: Subtitle of article. Trade Journal Title in Italics, volume number(issue number), page numbers. DOI or URL
Example (with doi):
Kantrowitz, A. (2013). Mobile-ad revenue explodes, finally. Advertising Age, 84(44), 6. https://adage.com/article/digital/mobile-ad-revenue-explodes-finally/245694
Cited in text: (Kantrowitz, 2013)