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HNR 2510 Richard: Autobiographies: Cite Your Stuff


You will need to cite your research using MLA citation style formatting. Below are examples of citation entries for the types of materials you are likely to encounter in your research. 

Books & eBooks

Lastname, Firstname, MI. Title of the Book. Publisher, Publication date.


Hughes, Kathy. George Eliot: The Last Victorian. Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1999. 

In text: (Hughes 160)

Lastname, Firstname, MI., editor(s). Title of the Book. Publisher, Publication date.

Example 1:

Conard, Mark T., editor. The Philosophy of the Coen Brothers. UP of Kentucky, 2009.

In text: (Conard 31)

Example 2:

Tannen, Deborah, and Muriel Saville-Troike, editors. Perspectives on Silence. Ablex,1985.

In text: (Tannen and Saville-Troike 56)

Note: For edited books, or major reference works with a large editorial board, or more than two editors, list the Lastname, Firstname MI. of the “lead” editor, followed by et al.


Lastname, Firstname, MI. “Article Title.” Journal Title, vol. #, no. #, Season, Publication date, Page(s).

     Title of Database, doi. (or URL, if no doi is available)

Example 1:

Chan, Yaocheng. "Postmodernism and Hong Kong Cinema." Postmodern Culture, vol. 10, no. 3, May 2000,

     pp. 1-10. Project Muse, doi:10.1353/pmc.2000.0021.

In text: (Chan 7)

Example 2:

Susina, Jan. "Relentless Progress: The Reconfiguration of Children's Literature, Fairy Tales, and Storytelling."

     Children's Literature Association Quarterly, vol. 34, no.3, Fall, 2009, pp. 304-7. ProQuest Central,

In text: (Susina 306)

Lastname, Firstname, MI. “Article Title.” Journal Title, vol. #, no. #, Publication date, Time, Title of Website, URL.

     Accessed  Day/Month/Year.


Peeples, Lynne. “Fracking Chemicals May Mess With Hormones, Lower Sperm Counts.” The Huffington Post,

     14 Oct. 2015, 1.41 p.m. EST,

      reproductivesystem_us_561e657ae4b028dd7ea5e1cf?utm_hp_ref=fracking.  Accessed 29 July 2016.

In text: (Peeples)


Lastname, Firstname MI. of the creator of the image. “Title of the Work.”  Publisher, Publication date,

     URL. (omitting  http://  or  https:// )  Accessed day month year.


Lange, Dorothea.  “Destitute Pea Pickers in California, a 32-year-old Mother of Seven Children.”

     Getty Images, 9 Mar. 1936.

     mother-of-news-photo-90768141.  Accessed 29 July 2016.

In text: (Lange)

Personal Communication


Smith, Arthur.  “Re: Lens Calibration for Prime Lenses.” E-mail, received by John T. Kemp, 10 Oct. 2015.

In Text: (Smith)

Note:  When you cite an email message, use the subject line as the title of the work.  Add other information as appropriate


Telephone Conversation:

Bennett, William G.  “Telephone Conversation with William G. Bennett: Conducted by Leon Unger.” 27 Oct. 2011.

In Text: (Bennett) 


Personal Interviews

Smith, Jane. Personal interview. 19 May 2014.

In Text: (Smith)

"I want my MLA"

MLA Citation Guide

Can't get enough citation content? Check out the HPU Libraries MLA Citation Guide for more examples, including a sample paper.