- For Supreme Court decisions, use the United States Reports, abbreviated U.S. in citations. Cases not yet published can be cited to the Supreme Court Reporter, abbreviated S. Ct. in citations. With Supreme Court decisions, the name of the court within the parentheses may be omitted (14.277).
Obergefell v. Hodges, 135 S. Ct. 2584 (2015).
- Lower federal court decisions can be cited to the Federal Reporter, abbreviated F. in citations, or the Federal Supplement, abbreviated F. Supp. in citations (14.278).
Eaton v. IBM Corp., 925 F. Supp. 487 (S.D. Tex. 1996).
- Use roman numerals for articles and amendment numbers, but Arabic numerals for subdivisions (14.280).
U.S. Const. art. I, § 4, cl. 2.
Legislative and Executive Documents Laws and Statutes
- These include public laws (Pub. L.), which are found in volumes of the United States Statutes at Large (Stat.) and later included in the United States Code (U.S.C.). Note that the No. of the law contains the number of the Congress adjoined with the document number by a hyphen.
Homeland Security Act of 2002, Pub. L. No. 107-296, 116 Stat. 2135 (2012).
Bills and Resolutions
- For bills and resolutions originating from the House of Representatives, use H.R. or H.R. Res. accordingly as abbreviated forms. For those from the Senate, use S. and S. Res. accordingly.
Safe and Accurate Food Labeling Act of 2015, H.R. 1599, 114th Cong. (2015).
- Use the full given title of the hearing in italics, and add, if necessary, the names of the committees included. At the end of the citation include, in parentheses, the speaker’s name, title, and affiliation.
Facebook, Social Media Privacy, and the Use and Abuse of Data: Joint Hearing Before the S. Comm. on the Judiciary and the S. Comm. on Commerce, Science and Transportation, 115th Cong. (2018) (statement of Mark Zuckerberg, CEO of Facebook).