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APA Citation Guide: (Previous/6th Edition): Audiovisual Media

Image or Artwork

In Person: Artist, A. (Year). Title of work [Format]. Location. 

Example: Wyeth, A. (1948). Christina's world [Painting]. New York, NY: Museum of Modern Art. 


From a website: Artist, A. (Year). Title of work [Format]. Retrieved from URL


Wyeth, A. (1948). Christina's world [Painting]. Retrieved from 

Note: Use this same format to cite pictures you find online.  

Motion picture or video recording

Name, I. (His or her role: Producer, Director, Writer). (Year of production). Title followed by [Motion picture]. Country of

production: Name of movie studio.


Scorcese, J. (Producer), & Lonergan, K. (Writer/Director). (2000). You can count on me [Motion picture]. United States:

Paramount Pictures.

Cited in text:   (Scorcese, 2000)

Television show from a series

Name, I. (His or her role: Producer, Director, Writer). (Year, air date). Title of episode [Television

series episode]. In names of executive producers, Title of series. Place of production: Name of network. 

Example: Whedon, J. (Director/Writer). (1999, December 14). Hush [Television series episode]. In Whedon, J.,

Berman, G., Gallin, S., Kuzui, F., & Kuzui, K. (Executive Producers), Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Burbank, CA:

Warner Bros.

Cited in text: (Whedon, 1999)

Televison Broadcast

Name, I. (His or her role: Executive Producer, Producer, Director, Writer). (Date of production showing Year, Month

date). Title of show followed by [Television broadcast]. City or Cities of production: Network name.


Crystal, L. (Executive Producer). (1993, October 11). The MacNeil/Lehrer news hour [Television broadcast]. New York

and Washington, DC: Public Broadcasting Service.

Cited in text: (Crystal, 1993)

Music Recording

Name of writer. (Year of copyright). Title of song [Recorded by artist if different from writer]. On

Title of Album [Medium of recording: CD, Record, Cassette, etc.]. Location: Label. (Recording date

if different from copyright date).


Goodenough, J. B. (1982). Tails and trotters [Recorded by G. Box, A. Mayo, & E. Trickett]. On And so will we yet [CD].

Sharon, CT: Folk-Legacy Records. (1990)

Schocked, M. (1992). Over the waterfall. On Arkansas traveler [CD]. New York: Polygram Music. 

Cited in text: (Goodenough, 1982, track 5); (Schocked, 1992, track 5)

YouTube video

Author or compiler name. (Date showing year, month date). Title of video. Retrieved Month date, year, from url.

Example: Ted. (2020, January 10). Why books are here to stay. Retrieved March 15, 2020, from


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