For journal articles, the APA style requires including the Digital Object Identifier or doi when available.
Author name. (Year of Publication). Title of article. Journal title, volume number(issue number), pages.
Herbst-Damm, K.L., & Kulik, J.A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival of terminally ill patients.
Health Psychology, 24(1), 225-229. doi: 10.1037/0278-6188.8.131.52
Cited in text: (Herbst-Damm & Kulik, 2005)
Note: DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier. It is a unique number assigned to article so that its information can be shared or retrieved quickly through a website such as crossref.org. Not every article will have a DOI, and if it is not present on the article or in the record, don't panic! The DOI is gaining wider acceptance, but many articles still do not have them. If the DOI is not present, and the article was retrieved online, then use one of the options below to direct the reader to the article.
Note: For journal articles that do not have a doi, provide a URL as you would other online sources.
Author name. (Year of Publication). Article title. Journal title, volume number, pages. Retrieved from
Borman, W.C. (1993). Role of early supervisory experience in supervisor performance.
Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 443-449. Retrieved from https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1993-39550-001
Sillick, T.J., & Schutte, N.S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self-esteem mediate between perceived early parental
love and adult happiness. E-Journal of Applied Psychology, 2(2), 38-48. Retrieved from http://ojs.lib.swin.edu.au
Cited in text: (Borman, 1993); (Sillick & Schutte, 2006)
Author. (Year). Title of document. Retrieved from ERIC database. (Eric Document #)
Brewster, C., & Railsback, J. (2002). Full-day kindergarten: Exploring an option for extended learning. Retrieved from
ERIC database. (ED472733)
Cited in text: (Brewster & Railsback, 2002)
Note: Use this option for items that are not published in a journal, magazine, book, or elsewhere.
Author. (Date, full). Article title. Newspaper title. Retrieved from URL.
Example: Moss, M. (2011, March 27). Philadelphia school battles students’ bad eating habits, on campus and off.
The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com
Cited in text: (Moss, 2011)
Article title in author position. (Date of publication, showing year, month date). Retrieved from URL.
All 33 Chile miners freed in flawless rescue. (2010, October 13). Retrieved from
Cited in text: ("All 33 Chile miners," 2010)
Presenter. (Year, month day). Title of paper or poster. Paper or poster presented at the meeting
of Organization Name, Location. Retrieval information.
Shaw, C. L. M. (1997, November). Customer satisfaction: Communication training and the help-desk hot-line. Paper
presented at the annual meeting of the National Communication Association, Chicago, IL. Retrieved from ERIC
Cited in text: (Shaw, 1997)