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APA Citation Guide: (Previous/6th Edition): Web Sources


Author, A. (Date of publication). Title of webpage [Format description]. Retrieved Month day, year, from URL

Example Corporate Author:

The Center for Public Integrity. (n.d.). The subprime 25. Retrieved May 3, 2010,


Cited in text:   (The Center for Public Integrity, n.d.)


Dunbar, J. & Donald, D. (2009, May 6). The roots of the financial crisis: Who is to blame? Retrieved May 3, 2010, from

Cited in text: (Dunbar, 2009)


Don't use pages for which you can't find an author. Give as much date information as possible. Use n.d. for no date.

Missing some elements? Use this chart:

Web document on university program or department Web site

Author name. (Date of publication). Title. Retrieved Month date, year from university name,

      department name website: URL

Example: Degelman, D., & Harris, M.L. (2000). APA style essentials. Retrieved May 18, 2000, from

                    Vanguard University, Department of Psychology website:


Cited in text: (Degelman & Harris, 2000)

Non-periodical Web document

Author name. (Publication date). Article title. In document title (chapter number if provided).

      Retrieved Month date, year, from website address.

Example: Jones, T.C. (2003). Pollution and banana cream pie. In Great chefs cook with

                   chlorofuorocarbons and carbon monoxide (chap.3). Retrieved July 13, 2001, from


Cited in text:   (Jones, 2003, chap. 3)

Press release

Author/Organization name. (Publication date). Title [Press release]. Retrieved from URL. 

Example: King Fish Media. (2010). The perfect marriage of content and technology: Is social media

                     the new CRM? [Press release]. Retrieved from



Cited in text: (King Fish Media, 2010)

Case study

Note: APA does not have specific guidelines for citing a case study, so citing it depends on whether it is a separate publication or appeared in a journal or book. If it is a separate publication, cite it as a book:

Example: Cespedes, F., Galford, R., Bonsignore, F.N., Buck, M.L., Younger, J., & Leppert, T. (2004). 

Succession and failure [Case study]. Boston, MA: Harvard Business Publishing. 

Cited in text: (Cespedes et al., 2004)

Note: If the case study appears in a journal or in a book, cite it as you would a journal article or chapter in a book. If the case study can only be found online, and it appears as a separate document on the website, cite it as you would a web document. 

Podcast from iTunes University

Instructor’s/Author’s Name. (Year). Title of podcast [Podcast]. Title of course, University Name.

Podcast retrieved from iTunes University. Other retrieval information if available. 


Example: Dreyfus, H. (2006, Spring). Introduction: what is existentialism? [Podcast]. Phil 7, U.C. Berkeley. Retrieved

from iTunes University. Also available at:

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