BooksArticlesPersonal Interviews and FilmSound Recording and Musical Composition
BooksArticlesPersonal Interviews and FilmsSound Recordings and Music Scores
This is the "Chicago Manual of Style" page of the "Chicago Style Guide" guide.
Alternate Page for Screenreader Users
Skip to Page Navigation
Skip to Page Content

Chicago Style Guide   Tags: chicago, citation, turabian  

Last Updated: May 1, 2014 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Chicago Manual of Style Print Page


This guide was adopted from the Chicago Manual of Style Guide created by Scott Pfitzinger at Butler University.



The Chicago Manual of Style presents two basic documentation systems, the Humanities style (Notes and Bibliography) and the Author-Date style. Choosing between the two often depends on subject matter and nature of sources cited, as each system is favored by different groups of scholars. Click on the styles to access the Chicago Manual's online guide.

The Chicago Notes and Bibliography style : used by History, Literature and the Arts.

The Notes and Bibliography style (also known as the Humanities style) is preferred by many in literature, history, and the arts. This style uses a system of notes, whether footnotes or endnotes or both, and usually a bibliography. The notes allow space for unusual types of sources as well as for commentary on the sources cited, making this system extremely flexible. Because of this flexibility, the notes and bibliography system is preferred by many writers in literature, history, and the arts.

The Chicago Author-Date style : used by Physical, Natural and Social Sciences.

The Author-Date style has long been used by those in the physical, natural, and social sciences. In this system, sources are briefly cited in the text, usually in parentheses, by author’s last name and date of publication. The short citations are amplified in a list of references, where full bibliographic information is provided.

The two dropdown pages provide some common examples of materials cited in both styles. For numerous specific examples, see chapters 14 and 15 of The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition.

Online sources that are analogous to print sources (such as articles published in online journals, magazines, or newspapers) should be cited similarly to their print counterparts but with the addition of a URL. Some publishers or disciplines may also require an access date. For online or other electronic sources that do not have a direct print counterpart (such as an institutional Web site or a Weblog), give as much information as you can in addition to the URL.



The Chicago and Turabian styles are nearly identical.

Kate Turabian, the dissertation secretary at the University of Chicago for over 30 years, developed her guide for students and researchers writing papers, theses, and dissertations. Her manual is based on the University of Chicago Press's Manual of Style and departs from it in few places. "Turabian," as her guide is called, synthesizes the rules most important for students' papers and other scholarly research not intended for publication, and omits some of the publishing details and options that "Chicago" provides. 

Need Help? Ask a Librarian!

Profile Image
HPU Libraries
JavaScript disabled or chat unavailable.
Logo - AIMLogo - FacebookLogo - Google TalkLogo - MSNLogo - TwitterLogo - Yahoo IM
Contact Info
Send Email


Online Chat / Networks:
AIM LogoFacebook LogoGTalk LogoLinkedIn LogoTwitter LogoYahoo
Contact Info:
336.841.9101 (ref desk)
336.841.9002 (UC Learning Commons)
Send Email

Loading  Loading...